Philip IV of Spain
- (1605-1665)Philip IV was the son and heir of Philip III of Spain. He was a more capable ruler than his father but, like him, he relied on a minister to run the monarchy. The individual he chose was Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel, Count of Olivares, whom he had to dismiss in 1643 after several political and economic failures. Philip's priorities also matched those of his father: to uphold the Catholic faith against the threat of Protestantism, to assert Spanish control over the Dutch United Provinces, and to extend the Hapsburg dominion. However, these priorities could not be attained. In 1640, Portugal revolted against Spain, and Philip lost his position as their monarch. He had no choice but to recognize the independence of the Dutch Provinces in 1648 when the Peace of Westphalia was negotiated, and, in the following year, Spain lost Roussillon and part of the Spanish Netherlands to France in the Peace of the Pyrenees. While his realm declined politically and economically, artistically it experienced its golden age, mainly thanks to the presence of Diego Velazquez in his court. Also present at his court were Peter Paul Rubens, Juan Bautista Maino, and Juan Martinez Montañéz.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
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Philip II of Spain — Philip II King of Naples Reign 25 July 1554 – 13 September 1598 Predecessor … Wikipedia
Philip V of Spain — Infobox Spanish Royalty|monarch name =Philip V title =King of Spain reign =1700–1724 1724 1746 reign type =1st Reign 2nd Reign coronation = predecessor =Charles II Louis successor =Louis Ferdinand VI spouse =Maria Luisa of Savoy Elisabeth of… … Wikipedia
Philip III of Spain — Infobox Spanish Royalty|monarch name =Philip III title =King of Spain and Portugal reign =April 14, 1598–March 31, 1621 coronation = predecessor =Philip II successor =Philip IV issue =Anne, Queen of France Philip IV Maria Anna, Holy Roman Empress … Wikipedia
Philip IV of Spain — Infobox Spanish Royalty|monarch name =Philip IV title =King of Spain and Portugal succession =King of Spain reign =March 31, 1621 September 17, 1665 coronation = predecessor =Philip III successor =Charles II succession1 =King of Portugal reign1… … Wikipedia
Philip II of Spain — (1527 1598) The son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V who appointed him ruler of Naples and Sicily in 1554, of the Netherlands in 1555, and of Milan and Spain in 1556. Upon Charles death (1558), Philip also inherited the rulership of the Spanish … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Philip II of Spain — noun king of Spain and Portugal and husband of Mary I; he supported the Counter Reformation and sent the Spanish Armada to invade England (1527 1598) • Syn: ↑Philip II • Instance Hypernyms: ↑king, ↑male monarch, ↑Rex … Useful english dictionary
Descendants of Philip V of Spain — Philip V of Spain The descendants of Philip V of Spain, Bourbon monarch of the Kingdom of Spain, Kingdom of Naples, Kingdom of Sardinia and Kingdom of Sicily are numerous. He had two wives; by his first wife Maria Luisa of Savoy he had two… … Wikipedia
Cultural depictions of Philip II of Spain — Philip II of Spain has inspired artistic and cultural works for over four centuries, as the most powerful ruler in the Europe of his day, and subsequently a central figure in the Black Legend of Spanish power. The following list covers… … Wikipedia
List of descendants of Philip V of Spain — The descendants of Philip V of Spain, Bourbon monarch of the Kingdom of Spain, Kingdom of Naples, Kingdom of Sardinia and Kingdom of Sicily are numerous. He had two wives; by his first wife Maria Luisa of Savoy he had two children. After the… … Wikipedia
Monument to Philip IV of Spain — West side … Wikipedia